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Imibereho y’umwami Sekhukhune n’ubwami bwe

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Mubuyobozi bwa cyami  kuva nacyera mu mpande zitandukanye ,umwana wese asimbura umubyeyi we. Ibi ninako byagenze ku mwami Sekhukhune, umuhungu wa Sekoati.

Umwami Sekhukhune yavutse ku Mwami Sekoati na Mankopoli mu 1814. Ababyeyi be bamwitiriye Matsebe mbere yuko mu buzima bwe abona izina “Sekhukhune”. Yayoboye ubwoko bwumuryango wa Bapeli wakomokaga muri Bakhatla yo mu burengerazuba bwahoze ari Transvaal. Yabaye Umwami igihe se yapfaga muri Nzeri 1861, yashakanye na Legoadi mu 1862, atura ku musozi uzwi ku izina rya Thaba ‘Leolo, arakomeza.

Nkumuyobozi wambere wa Bapeli yahuye nibibazo bya politiki, haba imbere ndetse no hanze yacyo, kuva Boer, Repubulika yigenga ya Afrika yepfo (ZAR) nubwami bwabongereza, hamwe nimpinduka nini mumibereho yatewe nabamisiyonari b’Abakristo. Itsinda riyobowe na Mampuru warwaniraga kwigarurira ingoma ye ku mwami Sekhukhune. Sekhukhune, kimwe n’Umwami Moshoeshoe wo mu bwoko bwa Basotho, yari umutegetsi utemewe n’amategeko waje ku butegetsi n’ingabo za gisirikare. Kubera iyo mpamvu, murumuna we basangiye nyina, akaba n’umuragwa wemewe, Mampuru yahatiwe guhunga Ubwami. Bitewe no kutagira ubuzimagatozi, yubatse imbaraga ze yinjira mu mibano ya dipolomasi hamwe n’ingoma zitandukanye z’abami, yinjiza indi miryango mu bwami bwe, ndetse no kwigarurira igisirikare. Ibi byongereye inkunga yo kumushyigikira kandi bimuha ubuzimagatozi.

Ku buyobozi bwe, umuryango yari ahagarariye warwanye intambara ebyiri zikomeye muri icyo gihe ubanza gutsinda mu 1876 ubwo warwanyaga ZAR hamwe n’abafatanyabikorwa babo baba Swazi, nyuma byaje kunanirana ibyo kurwanya Abongereza na Swazi  byaje kumunanira mu ntambara ya Sekhukhuni  yabaye mu 1879  hanyuma aratsindwa ndetse afatirwa k’umusozi wa Tjate.

Ariko amateka yigihugu cya Bapeli yabaye intambara namakimbirane. Ubwoko bwa Swazi bwakoze ubukangurambaga kuri Bapeli, ariko ntibwashobora gufata ibirindiro byabo by’imisozi. Nyuma yintambara nyinshi no gutatana, abahunze Bapedi bashoboye kwishyira hamwe. Kugeza mu 1800, Chief Thulare yari amaze gushinga ingoma ifite umurwa mukuru, Manganeng, ku ruzi rwa Steelpoort maze Bapeli ihinduka ubwoko. Urupfu rwe rwakurikiwe n’amakimbirane asanzwe y’izungura kugeza mu 1826 Ndebele ya Mzilikazi yibasiye kandi ahirika ubutegetsi bwa Pedi yica abahungu benshi ba Thulare.

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Iki gitero cyatumye aba Bapedi bahungira mu majyaruguru hamwe na Sekwati, umwe mu bahungu ba Thulare barokotse. Nyuma Sekwati yagarutse ari kumwe n’abayoboke be, ahitamo igihome cy’imisozi i Phiring nk’ikibanza cye, aba umutware w’ikirenga kubera umubare w’abatware maze ahuza abantu be. Aba Bapeli bashinze ubwami mugihe muri Afurika y’epfo abantu bari batangiye gutera imbere no mu myumvire.

Igihe Hendrick Potgieter na Voortrekkers bageraga mu bwami bwa Marota hagati mu kinyejana cya 19, se wa Sekhukhune, Sekoati wabayeho 1775-1861, barabarwanyije. Mu ntambara izwi cyane i Phiring mu 1838 Sekoati yatsinze Voortrekkers amayeri yoroshye yo gushinga

Ariko Phiring nta mutekano yari afite bityo Sekoati yimurira icyicaro cye ahitwa Thaba Moseha  mu misozi ya Lulu yo mu burasirazuba bwa Transvaal aho abaturage be birukanywe gusa n’intambara zari zikaze zaje kurangira mu Kuboza 1879.

Mu gukomeza umubano w’ububanyi n’amahanga na Boers, Swazi, n’Abazulu, Sekoati yashyizeho uburyo bw’amahoro n’iterambere. Kugeza mu 1852, umubano wabo wari wifashe nabi maze Hendrik Potgieter ayobora komanda kurwanya Umwami Sekwati. Boers bagose ikigo cya Pedi, bizeye ko bazabura ibiryo n’amazi. Mu myaka itari mike, Sekwati yayobowe n’ingabo z’amahanga hagamijwe kubaka igihugu cye nyuma yo gutakaza ubuzima bukabije kubera bari bamaze gutsindwa.

Umuhoza Yves

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